Ron Meister has a thoughtful review of Prof. Tomaz Jardim’s book, The Mauthausen Trial: American Military Justice in Germany, here. I’d not heard about the Mauthausen war crimes proceedings before reading the review, but, according to Ron, the hearings resulted in “the largest mass execution ever conducted by the United States.” Here’s an excerpt from the review:
Most of the attention to post-World War II war crimes trials has focused on the Nuremberg tribunal, where the highest-ranking Nazis were tried before an international court. But in fact, the overwhelming majority of war crimes defendants held by U.S. forces in Europe, 1,676 in all, were tried in a total of 462 trials conducted by the United States Army. The Mauthausen trial, held on the grounds of the Dachau concentration camp, was one of the largest.
Tomaz Jardim, an assistant professor of history at Ryerson University in Toronto and a one-time fellow at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum, has produced what will likely be the definitive study of the Mauthausen trial, its context and its legacy. Drawing on the trial transcript, investigators’ reports, interviews with some of the few participants still alive and the largely self-serving memoir of the chief prosecutor, Jardim’s work is thoroughly researched, even-handed and highly instructive.