In a published opinion in United States v. Hennis, 75 M.J. 796, No. 20100304 (A. Ct. Crim. App. Oct. 6, 2016) (en banc) (link to slip op.), the Army Court of Criminal Appeals unanimously affirms the findings and the sentence to death of Master Sergeant Timothy Hennis (U.S. Army Ret.) for three specifications of premeditated murder.
Our #2 military justice story of 2010 was the conviction and capital sentence of Hennis.. Hennis is one of only five current military death row inmates (the others are Gray, Loving, Akbar, and Hasan; Witt is pending a sentence rehearing).
Hennis was tried three times for the gruesome 1985 rape and murder of Kathryn Eastburn, the wife of an Air Force captain who was out of town on temporary duty, as well as the murder of their two daughters. The first two prosecutions were by state authorities in North Carolina. First, Hennis was convicted of the murders in 1986 and he was sentenced to death. The North Carolina Supreme Court reversed that conviction in 1988. Hennis was then retried by North Carolina in 1989, and he was acquitted.
Hennis decided to remain on active duty in the Army after his acquittal, and he retired in 2004. However, retired members of an active component aren’t retired in the traditional sense of the word; they remain in the military, they’re subject to the UCMJ, and their retirement pay isn’t a pension but rather “is reduced compensation for reduced current services.” McCarty v. McCarty, 453 U.S. 210, 222 (1981). And so when advances in DNA allowed investigators to determine with scientific certainty that sperm found in the body of the murdered woman came from Hennis, he was recalled to active duty in 2006 and tried by court-martial for the murders.
He was convicted and, on April 15, 2010, the court-martial sentenced him to death, dishonorable discharge, total forfeitures, and E-1.
After rejecting numerous assertions of error (including jurisdictional challenges) the Army CCA finds the capital sentence appropriate for Hennis, concluding:
We are required to assess the proportionality of appellant’s death sentence. Under Article 66(c), UCMJ, we conclude the approved sentence is correct in law and fact. Further, under the circumstances of this case, including appellant’s rape of one of the murder victims, the vulnerability inherent in the young ages of the other two murder victims, and appellant’s mutilation of all three murder victims, we conclude the adjudged and approved death sentence fits the crimes of which he was found guilty. We further find “the sentence is generally proportional to those imposed by other jurisdictions in similar situations.”
Slip op. at 106 (citations omitted).