Devin Patrick Kelley – identified as the shooter who killed 26 people and wounded many others yesterday in a South Texas church – was reportedly a former member of the Air Force who was convicted by a court-martial in 2012. This AP report, for example, states:
Kelley received a bad conduct discharge from the Air Force for assaulting his spouse and child, and was sentenced to 12 months’ confinement after a 2012 court-martial. Kelley served in Logistics Readiness at Holloman Air Force Base in New Mexico from 2010 until his 2014 discharge, Air Force spokeswoman Ann Stefanek said.
From this information I found the Air Force CCA’s opinion in United States v. Kelley, No. 38267, 2013 CCA LEXIS 1100 (A.F. Ct. Crim. App. Dec. 3, 2013) (link to slip op.), rev. denied, 73 M.J. 257 (C.A.A.F. 2014). The opinion is
not on the CCA’s website, but it is a summary disposition affirming the findings of a general court-martial and a sentence of confinement for 12 months, reduction to E-1, and a bad-conduct discharge.
That doesn’t tell us the precise offenses of which Kelley was convicted, but it strongly suggests that Kelley was convicted of an offense for which the maximum authorized punishment exceeds confinement for one year.
Accordingly, 18 U.S.C. § 922 prohibits Kelley from possessing practically any firearm:
(g) It shall be unlawful for any person–
(1) who has been convicted in any court of, a crime punishable by imprisonment for a term exceeding one year; . . .
to ship or transport in interstate or foreign commerce, or possess in or affecting commerce, any firearm or ammunition; or to receive any firearm or ammunition which has been shipped or transported in interstate or foreign commerce.
However, according to this Washington Post story:
Officials described the shooter’s weapon as a Ruger AR-556, an assault-style rifle similar to those used by the military. CNN, citing a law enforcement individual, reported that Kelley purchased the weapon in April 2016 from an Academy Sports & Outdoors store in San Antonio.
Update 1 (1135 eastern):
Some media outlets report that Kelley’s court-martial convictions related to domestic violence (this local news report quotes an Air Force spokeswoman as saying he was convicted of domestic violence in 2012 at Holloman AFB in Alamogordo, New Mexico).
If so, then in addition to the prohibition in 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(1) discussed above, he was alternatively prohibited from possessing a firearm by 18 U.S.C. § 922(g)(9), commonly known as the Lautenberg Amendment, which applies to anyone:
(9) who has been convicted in any court of a misdemeanor crime of domestic violence,
Update 2 (1354 eastern): Thanks to our reader for a link to the opinion now available on the CCA’s website (I’m certain it was not there this morning).
Update 3 (1400 eastern): While the adjudged sentence tracks the maximum at a special court-martial, CBS news reports here that “the Air Force tells CBS News Kelley’s case was a general court martial. . .”
Update 4 (1612 eastern): The New York Times reports here:
“He assaulted his stepson severely enough that he fractured his skill, and he also assaulted his wife, said Don Christensen, a retired colonel who was the chief prosecutor for the Air Force. “He pled to intentionally doing it.”
He was sentenced in November of that year to 10 months’ confinement and reduction to the lowest possible rank. After his confinement, he was discharged from the military with a bad conduct discharge. It is unclear whether his conviction would have barred him from purchasing a gun.
(emphasis added). We, of course, know that the last sentence is wrong.