On Tuesday CAAF granted review in this Army case:
No. 17-0604/AR. U.S. v. Christopher E. Christensen. CCA 20140372. On consideration of the petition for grant of review of the decision of the United States Army Court of Criminal Appeals, it is ordered that said petition is granted on the following issue:
WHETHER APPELLANT WAS SUBJECT TO COURT-MARTIAL JURISDICTION.
Briefs will be filed under Rule 25.
The CCA’s opinion is available here. The appellant was in civilian confinement and pending involuntary administrative separation (for alcohol abuse rehabilitation failure) when military authorities decided to retain him on active duty for a possible court-martial. But the administrative separation processing continued, he received separation orders and a DD-214, and DFAS began processing his final pay. The Army CCA, however, found that there was never a final accounting of pay made to the appellant, and so his discharge was not final:
Here, the processing of appellant’s pay stopped at a stage similar to that in Hart, and we find the reasoning of the [United States v. Hart, 66 M.J. 273, 276 (C.A.A.F. 2008)] court persuasive and controlling. The initial calculations, or snapshot, of appellant’s pay were entered into the DFAS system. Further action to calculate appellant’s final pay depended upon the removal of a code by DFAS. This never occurred since LTC AT acted to halt this calculation and, later LTC JD, as the SPCMCA, effectively ratified this action in a timely manner. Accordingly, we concur with the DuBay military judge that appellant’s “‘final pay or a substantial part of that pay’ were never computed or made ready for delivery to him” and that the Army retained jurisdiction over appellant.
Slip op. at 9.