This week at SCOTUS: On Oct. 28 a new cert. petition was filed in McDonald v. United States, No. 19-557. The petition is available here. In United States v. McDonald, 78 M.J. 376 (C.A.A.F. Apr. 17, 2019) (CAAFlog case page), a unanimous CAAF held that the mens rea (mental state) for the offense of sexual assault by causing bodily harm in violation of Article 120(b)(1)(B) (2012), where the bodily harm is a nonconsensual sexual act, is only the general intent to commit the sexual act, because “the burden is on the actor to obtain consent, rather than the victim to manifest a lack of consent.”
The question presented in the McDonald cert. petition is:
Whether Congress’s omission of a mens reafor the offense of sexual assault by bodily harm means mere negligence as to the lack of consent suffices.
The Solicitor General waived the right to respond on Nov. 1.
In other news, the cert. petition in Hutchins was distributed for conference on Nov. 15. I’m not aware of any other military justice developments at the Supreme Court, where I’m tracking six cases:
- United States v. Briggs, No. 19-108 (pend. conf. on Nov. 8)
- United States v. Collins, No. 19-184 (pend. conf. on Nov. 8)
- Richards v. Donovan, et al., No. 19-55 (pet. filed Jun. 8; resp. req. Aug. 14, due Nov. 21)
- Hutchins v. United States, No. 19-489 (cert. pet. filed on Oct. 11; resp. waived Oct. 30; pend conf. on Nov. 15)
- Voorhees v. United States, No. 19A441 (ext. of time to file cert. pet. filed on Oct. 18)
- McDonald v. United States, No. 19-557 (pet filed Oct. 28; resp. waived Nov. 1).
This week at CAAF: CAAF will hear oral argument in four cases this week:
Tuesday, November 5, 2019, at 9:30 a.m.
United States v. Jessie, No. 19-0192/AR (CAAFlog case page)
I. Whether the Army court erred by considering military confinement policies but refusing to consider specific evidence of Appellant’s confinement conditions.
II. Whether the Army court conducted a valid Article 66 review when it failed to consider Appellant’s constitutional claims.
III. Whether Appellant’s constitutional rights were violated by a confinement facility policy that barred him from all forms of communication with his minor children without an individualized assessment demonstrating that an absolute bar was necessary.
United States v. Muller, No. 19-0230/AF (CAAFlog case page)
I. Whether rule 15.5 of the Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals Rules of Practice and Procedure is invalid because it conflicts with the Uniform Code of Military Justice, this Court’s precedent, the Joint Courts of Criminal Appeals Rules of Practice and Procedure, the recently updated Joint Rules of Appellate Procedure, and the prior and current appellate rules of the other service Courts of Criminal Appeals.
II. Whether the Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals deprived Appellant of his due process right to raise issues on appeal when it denied his timely request to file a supplemental brief on issues arising during remand proceedings.
III. Whether a Court of Criminal Appeals must require certificates of correction to be accomplished, vice accepting documents via a motion to attach, when it finds a record of trial to be incomplete due to a missing exhibit.
• AFCCA opinion
• Blog post: CAAF grants review
• Appellant’s brief
• Appellee’s (Gov’t Div.) brief
• Appellant’s reply brief
• Amicus brief: Navy-Marine Corps Appellate Defense in support of Appellant
• Blog post: Argument preview
Wednesday, November 6, 2019, at 9 a.m.
United States v. Davis, No. 19-0104/AR (CAAFlog case page)
Issue: Whether the mens rea of “knowingly” applies to the consent element of Article 120c(a)(2), Uniform Code of Military Justice, 10 U.S.C. § 920c(2) (2016).
United States v. Turner, No. 19-0158/AR (CAAFlog case page)
Issue: Whether the specification of Charge I alleging an attempted killing fails to state an offense because it does not explicitly, or by necessary implication, allege the attempted killing was unlawful.
This week at the ACCA: The next scheduled oral argument at the Army CCA is on November 21, 2019.
This week at the AFCCA: The Air Force CCA’s website shows no scheduled oral arguments.
This week at the CGCCA: The Coast Guard CCA’s website shows no scheduled oral arguments.
This week at the NMCCA: The next scheduled oral argument at the Navy-Marine Corps CCA is on November 20, 2019.