In an unpublished opinion in United States v. Torres, No. 201300396 (N-M. Ct. Crim. App. Aug. 28, 2014) (link to unpub. op.), a three-judge panel of the NMCCA rejects an equal protection claim, an as-applied vagueness claim, and an assertion that the military judge erred in using “knowledge of human nature and the ways of the world” in assessing the evidence in a judge-alone trial. Slip op. at 8.
Appellant was convicted contrary to his pleas of not guilty, by a general court-martial composed of a military judge alone, of sexual assault and adultery in violation of Articles 120 and 134. He was sentenced to confinement for two years, reduction to E-1, and a dishonorable discharge. The convictions stemmed from Appellant’s sexual encounter with the heavily-intoxicated wife of another Marine during a house party. The woman – identified as “AM” – fell asleep in a bathroom. Then:
The next thing AM remembered was waking up in the spare bedroom on the air mattress. She had no memory how she got there and was disoriented and in discomfort; she then realized that someone was having sexual intercourse with her. As she started to wake up, she realized that she was wearing only a bikini top. The tank top, shorts, and underwear that she had worn while asleep in the bathroom had been removed.2 By the time she regained her senses, AM saw the appellant, naked, lying next to her. She rolled off the air mattress, grabbed some clothes that were on top of her red suitcase, and went to look for her husband.
Slip op. at 4. AM tried to awaken her husband, who had fallen asleep on a patio table, but he fell to the floor and started bleeding. AM then called 911 and reported her husband’s injuries and that she had been raped.
Appellant was convicted of sexual assault in violation of Article 120(b)(3)(A) (2012): committing a sexual act upon a person who is incapable of consenting due to impairment by an intoxicant. At trial Appellant did not contest that he had a sexual encounter with AM, but asserted that it was consensual and that AM was capable on consenting. Slip op. at 6. On appeal he asserted that the prosecution deprived him of equal protection because he had “higher symptoms of impairment [than AM],” slip op. at 11, that the term “[i]ncapable of consenting to the sexual act due to impairment by alcohol” is unconstitutionally vague, slip op. at 13, and that the military judge improperly used his own “human experience” in place of the evidence presented at trial, slip op. at 9. The CCA rejects all three errors.