The Army CCA rejects a prosecution appeal “because the United States waived most of the issues they assert on appeal”
In an unpublished opinion in a prosecution appeal under Article 62, a three-judge panel of the Army CCA finds that “when the government concedes an issue [of law] at trial and the military judge accepts the concession, then the government cannot complain to this court that the military judge erred.” United States v. Suarez, No. 20170366, slip op. at 7 (A. Ct. Crim. App. Sep 27, 2017) (link to slip op.).
At stake is the admission of six images of suspected child pornography discovered on the accused’s cell phone after it was searched pursuant to an authorization. The device was protected by a passcode and the investigators asked the accused for that passcode. So the defense moved to suppress. See, generally, United States v. Mitchell, 76 M.J. 413 (C.A.A.F. Aug. 30, 2017) (CAAFlog case page).
Responding to the defense motion, the prosecutors “conceded in their initial brief to the military judge that the accused’s providing a passcode to a CID agent was testimonial and incriminating.” Slip op. at 4. These were significant concessions, because “in conceding the passcode was incriminating, the government necessarily conceded the request for the incriminating response was an interrogation.” Slip op. at 5. And because it was an interrogation, the questioning implicated the accused’s rights under the 5th Amendment and Article 31(b). So the military judge suppressed the images.
The prosecution appealed, “mak[ing] numerous arguments as to why the military judge erred.” Slip op. at 3.
But the panel doesn’t consider those arguments. Rather, it holds that “the substantive issue of this appeal was waived by the government at trial.” Slip op. at 8.