Opinion Analysis: No excess in the military judge’s plea inquiry in United States v. Price, No. 16-0611/AF
CAAF decided the Air Force case of United States v. Price, 76 M.J. 136, No. 16-0611/AF (CAAFlog case page) (link to slip op.), on Friday, March 3, 2017. In a short opinion the court concludes that the military judge did not elicit too much information about the appellant’s misconduct during the plea inquiry. CAAF affirms the findings and sentence and the decision of the Air Force CCA
Judge Ohlson writes for a unanimous court.
CAAF granted review to determine:
Whether the military judge abused his discretion by forcing appellant to admit to misconduct greater than was necessary for a provident plea.
Airman First Class (E-3) Price pleaded guilty at a special court-martial composed of a military judge alone to wrongfully using, possessing, and distributing various controlled substances. He was sentenced to confinement for four months, reduction to E-1, and a bad-conduct discharge.
In order to ensure that a plea of guilty at a court-martial is made voluntarily – and in light of the fact that military service involves all manner of coercion – a military judge must “conduct a detailed inquiry into the offenses charged, the accused’s understanding of the elements of each offense, the accused’s conduct, and the accused’s willingness to plead guilty.” Slip op. at 4 (quoting United States v. Perron, 58 M.J. 78, 82 (C.A.A.F. 2003)) (additional citation omitted) (emphasis in original).
When Price pleaded guilty, however, he offered only a “limited, generic recitation” of the factual basis for his plea (the things that made him guilty). Slip op. at 2. The military judge pressed for additional details over defense objection, eventually eliciting aggravating facts that were not perhaps totally necessary to a sufficient guilty plea.
But CAAF finds no error.