CAAFlog » October 2017 Term » United States v. Acevedo

CAAF decided the Army case of United States v. Acevedo, 77 M.J. 185, No. 17-0224/AR (CAAFlog case page) (link to slip op.), on Tuesday, February 6, 2018. Focusing on the “somewhat unique circumstances” of the case, a majority of CAAF concludes that the conviction of kidnapping by inveiglement (luring or enticing) is legally sufficient, and affirms it and the decision of the Army CCA.

Judge Sparks writes for the court, joined by all but Judge Ryan who dissents.

Staff Sergeant (E-6) Acevedo was convicted by a general court-martial composed of members with enlisted representation of kidnapping Private (E-2) AM by inveiglement, in violation of Article 134. Acevedo was acquitted of other offenses, including offenses related to sexual acts with AM that occurred after the alleged kidnapping. The Army CCA affirmed the findings and sentence without issuing a written opinion.

CAAF then granted review of four issues. Three were Dalmazzi/Ortiz trailer issues. The fourth questioned:

Whether the evidence is legally insufficient to support a charge of kidnapping by inveiglement.

A majority of CAAF finds that the evidence is sufficient. Judge Ryan, however, rejects this holding as “contrary to the precedent of the Supreme Court, the federal courts of appeals that have considered the issue, and our own Court,” and she invokes CAAF’s “heightened responsibility to ensure that servicemembers receive fair and impartial justice, instead of a rough form of justice.” Diss. op at 4 (marks and citation omitted).

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Audio of today’s oral arguments at CAAF is available at the following links:

United States v. Jerkins, No. 17-0203/AR (CAAFlog case page): Oral argument audio.

United States v. Acevedo, No. 17-0224/AR (CAAFlog case page): Oral argument audio.

CAAF will hear oral argument in the Army case of United States v. Acevedo, No. 17-0224/AR (CAAFlog case page), on Tuesday, November 28, 2017, after the argument in Jerkins, on a single issue:

Whether the evidence is legally insufficient to support a charge of kidnapping by inveiglement.

Staff Sergeant (E-6) Acevedo was convicted by a general court-martial composed of members with enlisted representation of kidnapping Private (E-2) AM in violation of Article 134. Acevedo was acquitted of other offenses, including offenses related to sexual acts with AM that occurred after the alleged kidnapping. The Army CCA affirmed the findings and sentence without issuing a written opinion.

The alleged kidnapping occurred after Acevedo, AM, and others were drinking at an off-base bar. AM was 19 years-old at the time, and she wanted to leave the bar with a civilian (who she eventually married). Acevedo and a Sergeant didn’t allow AM to leave the bar with the civilian. Instead, they insisted on calling a cab to take AM back to base. AM got into the cab, Acevedo followed, Acevedo gave the driver his address, and the cab took them to Acevedo’s apartment where Acevedo and AM had sex. The following morning Acevedo gave AM $20 to pay for a cab ride back to base and told her to keep the encounter secret. Later, when he was questioned by law enforcement, Acevedo falsely denied that AM went to his residence that night.

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Update: While I initially noted five grants of review, I only wrote about four. I eventually realized that I failed in counting to five and now update this post to include the fifth grant (in Bailey).

Some interesting cases recently joined CAAF’s docket, with a certification and five grants of review.

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