Opinion Analysis: CAAF won’t bend its filing deadlines to suit the Government in United States v. Williams, No. 16-0053/AF
CAAF decided the certified Air Force case of United States v. Williams, __ M.J. __, No. 16-0053/AF (CAAFlog case page) (link to slip op.) on Tuesday, May 3, 2016. Concluding that the Air Force Appellate Government Division’s successive motions for reconsideration by the Air Force Court of Criminal Appeals did not toll the 60-day deadline in CAAF’s rules for the filing of a certificate for review, CAAF dismisses the certificate for review as untimely filed.
Judge Stucky writes for a unanimous court.
A general court-martial composed of members with enlisted representation convicted Senior Airman Williams of rape, contrary to his pleas of not guilty. The approved sentence included confinement for two years, reduction to E-1, and a bad-conduct discharge. On appeal, however, the Air Force CCA reversed the conviction after finding that the military judge improperly admitted evidence of a prior alleged sexual offense under Military Rule of Evidence 413. The CCA’s issued its decision on June 19, 2015.
On July 20, 2015, the Government filed a motion for reconsideration with the CCA. That motion was denied four days later. The Government then filed a second motion for reconsideration on August 3, 2015, challenging the denial of the first motion and “asking the AFCCA ‘to reconsider … its order dated 24 July 2015.'” Slip op. at 2. The CCA denied the second motion on August 10, 2015. Almost two months after that – and 75 days after the first motion for reconsideration was denied – the Judge Advocate General of the Air Force certified the case to CAAF. Williams then moved to dismiss the certification on the basis that it was untimely.
Article 67 gives CAAF jurisdiction over three kinds of cases: Capital cases, cases that a Judge Advocate General orders sent to the court for review (known as certified cases), and cases in which the court grants review for good cause shown upon petition of the accused. Article 67 also sets a 60-day jurisdictional deadline for an accused’s petition for review, but no time limit for a JAG’s certification. However, CAAF’s rules (established pursuant to Article 144) set a 60-day non-jurisdictional deadline for certification by a JAG. Both the petition deadline and the certification deadline begin on the later of the date of the CCA’s decision or its action on a petition for reconsideration.
Writing for a unanimous court Judge Stucky finds that the Air Force JAG’s certification of Williams was untimely because the Government’s second reconsideration motion was not a petition for reconsideration of the substantive decision of the CCA, but rather was a petition for reconsideration of the CCA’s denial of the Government first request for reconsideration.